Gerbera plant

The gerbera plant (Gerbera) is a representative of the Asteraceae family. This genus includes about 70 species that live in the African tropics and subtropics, as well as on the island of Madagascar. According to one version, the genus got its name from the surname of the German botanist T. Gerber, according to another – from the Latin “grass”.

Gerberas are herbaceous perennials with leafless peduncles. Gerbera leaves form basal rosettes, and the length of the plates included in them is about 35 cm. Large inflorescences are baskets up to 15 cm in diameter. Their color can be different, and their structure can be simple or semi-double..

Most often, gerbera is used as a garden plant, but one of its species (Jameson’s gerbera) can also be grown at home in a pot. Such bushes are more compact and rather unpretentious..

Brief rules for growing gerbera

Gerbera cultivation

The table shows brief rules for caring for a gerbera at home..

Lighting level A bright but diffused light is required. Supplementary lighting is most often used in autumn and winter..
Content temperature The temperature during the period of active growth should be from 20 degrees and above, the rest of the time – about 15 degrees, but not less than 12 degrees. During flowering, you need to ensure that day and night temperatures differ by no more than 5 degrees.
Watering mode From spring to late summer, moderate moisture as the soil clod dries up. During the resting period of the bush, the volume of watering is reduced, conducting them only in order to prevent the soil from drying out.
Air humidity The humidity level needs to be increased, but gerbera foliage should not be sprayed. The pot is placed on a pallet with wet pebbles..
The soil For growing gerbera in a pot, a loose nutrient mixture of a slightly acidic reaction, breathable and does not retain moisture, is suitable. You can use ready-made substrates for asters or mix sand with peat and leafy soil in equal proportions.
Top dressing Top dressing is carried out during the active development of the bushes about 2 times a month. Complex formulations are suitable for flowering species. In winter, fertilizers are not applied.
Transfer Transplants are carried out only if necessary, in the spring. The socket must not be buried.
Bloom Flowering usually occurs at the very end of summer and ends in September..
Dormant period The dormant period lasts from mid-autumn to the end of winter..
Reproduction Seeds, division of rhizomes.
Pests Aphid, whitefly, mealybug, scale insect.
Diseases Most problems and diseases are associated with improper plant care..

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Gerbera care at home

Gerbera care at home


Home gerberas will need abundant but diffused lighting. Such a flower can be left in direct light only during the period of their low activity: the plant will not stand a sultry day on the southern window. But on the north side of the house, there won’t be enough light for the gerbera. It is best to keep such a flower on the windows of the west or east direction. If the gerbera still stands on the southern windowsill, it must be shaded in the afternoon..

Gerberas need good ventilation. For the summer, the bush can be moved outside by choosing a place for it, sheltered from the midday sun. If the lighting mode changes significantly at the same time, they begin to gradually accustom the flower to new conditions. If in the cold season the plant does not have enough light, you can use special lamps, for example, fluorescent.


In spring and summer, indoor gerbera requires moderate heat – about 22-24 degrees, but not less than 20 degrees. During flowering, daily temperature fluctuations are of particular importance – it is desirable that they are not too large. The combination of cold nights and hot days can have a negative effect on the appearance of inflorescences..

After flowering, the bush plunges into a dormant period. At this time, the temperature of its content should be reduced to 14 degrees (but not less than 12 degrees). Indoor gerbera can develop without such a rest, but after two years of constant growth, such bushes will completely lose their decorative effect and will need to be replaced..

Watering schedule

Gerbera watering schedule

All the time of active growth, the gerbera is watered moderately, using settled warm water. The temperature of the soil and water should be approximately the same, otherwise the bush may get sick. Watering is carried out as the upper part of the soil dries up. At the same time, water cannot be directed inside the leaf outlet – such conditions contribute to the development of rot. Watering can be carried out through the sump, be sure to drain excess water about half an hour after filling it.

Although gerbera does not like abundant moisture, it is impossible to completely dry out the soil in a pot with it. It is especially important to monitor this during the rest period of the plant, when they try to reduce the number of watering to a minimum: the bush begins to consume less moisture, so its stagnation can lead to the development of diseases.

Humidity level

For the full development of gerbera, a sufficiently high humidity is required, but its leaves should not be sprayed. To increase the level of air humidity, the flower pot is placed on a pallet with wet peat or expanded clay, or they try to spray only next to the bush so that droplets do not fall on it.

The soil

Soil for indoor gerbera

The soil for a room gerbera should consist of two parts of leafy soil and one part each of sand and peat. In such a simple composition, you can add hydrogel balls, which will maintain soil moisture and prevent it from drying out. You can use universal substrates for roses or asters..

Top dressing

Gerberas feed only during their most active development – in spring and summer. For them, universal mineral compositions for flowering crops are suitable. They are made about twice a month. The bushes are also responsive to the introduction of magnesium sulfate – a lack of this element can manifest itself in the formation of pale spots on the foliage. If the house is cool enough, you can add phosphorus compounds to such dressings. Organics are not used for gerberas. In winter, when the plant is resting, it is not fed..


Gerbera transplant

Gerberas are transplanted in the spring as needed. The size of the new pot should only slightly exceed the size of the previous one – in a too spacious container, the plant will not be able to bloom on time. A drainage layer is laid at the bottom of the pot, and slightly acidic soil is selected for planting. When transplanting, it is important that soil particles do not fall into the rosette of the flower leaves. The bush should also not be deepened excessively – the root collar should be about 2 cm above the ground.

If the gerbera was purchased in a flower pot (in a store), then the plant should not be transplanted for two weeks. It must undergo acclimatization, get used to the new conditions of detention, that is, stay for some time in quarantine conditions. But after that, transplanting a gerbera is simply vital, since usually flowers in a store are sold in a special soil that is not suitable for the growth and development of a plant at home..

Gerbera transplant | How to properly transplant a flowering plantGerbera transplant | How to properly transplant a flowering plant

Flowering period

Gerbera bloom occurs at a certain duration of daylight hours. It usually falls at the very end of summer: the buds are tied when the day begins to wane. Like all similar plants, gerbera baskets are not a single flower, but a multi-flowered inflorescence. In its middle there are small tubular flowers, and at the edges – from 1 to 3 rows of wide ligulate flowers. The color of both those and others can be very diverse and includes up to 30 shades of various colors with the exception of the blue-blue range.

To prolong flowering and activate the formation of new buds, the faded baskets should be removed by carefully breaking their peduncles out of the bush..

Gerbera propagation

Division of bushes

Division of gerbera bushes

The most common and often used method is considered to be gerbera propagation by dividing the bush into parts. This method allows a large number of young plants to be made from one adult plant. An adult gerbera after such a procedure acquires a second youth and continues to grow and develop. Dividing the bush allows you to preserve all the characteristics of the original plant, which cannot be guaranteed by seed reproduction..

This breeding method cannot be carried out during the flowering period. As soon as the plant has bloomed (preferably in the summer), you need to very carefully pull it out of the flower pot, lightly shake off the ground and divide it with a knife into as many parts as possible. To do this, choose bushes about 3-4 years old. The division is carried out in the spring. Each division must have at least a couple of growth points – this will allow such gerberas to bloom next year..

There is another option that allows you to leave the gerbera in the pot. The top layer of earth must be removed before the trunk of the plant appears. Then carefully divide it into two parts with a knife and sprinkle the cuts with soil. After a short time, both parts will take root, this will be a signal of readiness to plant them in different containers.

Gerberas can also be propagated by cuttings, but this method is rarely used at home..

Growing from seeds

Growing gerberas from seeds

Gerbera seeds do not guarantee the transfer of the characteristics of the variety, and also lose their germination rather quickly. They are sown in spring using loose and nutritious soil. When self-preparing the substrate, you can mix leafy soil with humus and a double part of the turf, and then add a little sand there. It is recommended to prepare the seed in advance by keeping the seeds in wet gauze for several days.

The seeds are sown to a depth of about 5 mm and covered with foil. Their germination takes from several days to a month. When the sprouts form 2-3 true leaves, they dive into a more spacious box. With the appearance of the 5th leaf blade, the pick is repeated, planting young bushes in their own pots. A month after this procedure, gerberas can be fed for the first time. Flowering begins about 10.5 months after sowing.

Pests and diseases

Gerbera pests and diseases

The main problems in growing gerbera are associated with improper care of the plant. Usually, the cause of the disease can be determined by assessing the appearance of the bushes..

  • Pale foliage is a sign of excessive lighting. So that the leaves do not lose color, they try to protect them from the scorching sun from spring to early autumn. Leaves can lose their bright color in the opposite situation: with a lack of light. This sign can also mean stress experienced by the plant. In addition, plants recently brought from the store sometimes behave this way. Substances could have been added to their substrate to make the leaf rosettes brighter and darker to create a more attractive bush..
  • The general weakening of the bushes and the yellowing of their foliage can be caused by the development of fungal diseases. They usually infect gerberas if the bushes are kept in conditions of high humidity and low air movement..
  • The appearance of light fluffy spots on foliage is a sign of powdery mildew. If old wilted leaves are affected, they should be removed, and the bush itself should be treated with fungicides for preventive purposes. Usually, such a disease appears due to the use of ice water for irrigation, an excess of nitrogen supplements, or frequent and significant temperature fluctuations..
  • The wilting of the bush is usually associated with stagnation of moisture in the soil. Constant stay in such land often leads to the death of the plant. The easiest way is to water the gerbera in winter, so watering during this period is monitored especially carefully..

Gerberas can be harmed by the main pests of home flowers – spider mites, scale insects, aphids, etc. Appropriate preparations should be used against them.

Types of gerbera with photo

Gerbera jamesonii

Gerbera Jameson

Of all types of gerbera, only one is suitable for home cultivation – Gerbera jamesonii. It is this species that becomes the basis for varieties intended for indoor culture. Such plants are herbaceous bushes with strong and dense stems. Their leaf blades form a rosette located just above the ground level. Large feathery foliage can be slightly pubescent, and its length reaches 20 cm. Sometimes such plants form axillary buds at the base of the leaf plates. The inflorescences resemble large colored daisies. The size of each basket is approximately 10 cm.They bloom at the tops of bare peduncles and can have different colors..