This beautiful flower has absolutely nothing in common with what grows in suburban areas and in flower beds. But still no, the home flower is rightfully called jasmine, but the bushes on the street, with fragrant flowers, are mock-orange (false jasmine). Only the pleasant aroma that comes from flowers unites these plants..
Of the indoor species, two are most often found – Sambac (Arabian jasmine) and Holoflower. Arabian jasmine pleases with its flowering the whole summer and autumn, too, therefore, flower growers love it very much. Such a flower, due to its long stems, is often used as an ampelous plant. Jasmine woven into the arch looks very impressive, it is often sold just like that.
The process of caring for such a flower is not complicated at all. But, paradoxical as it may seem, its rich smell can be attributed to disadvantages. Sleeping next to a jasmine that has flowers is far from harmless, the next morning a terrible pain in the head may appear. So it is better not to place it in the bedroom, but in a spacious and fairly bright living room, the most passing place for such a plant, the office reception may also be suitable.
How to care for homemade jasmine?
Temperature. This fragrant plant has no special requirements for air temperature. In summer, it feels great both in the heat and at normal temperatures. In the fresh air, he is also very good. Just one moment, jasmine does not perceive drafts well, so it must be protected from them. In winter, the plant is better suited to a moderate temperature, even slightly lower. When kept in winter, the temperature regime is within +8 – +20 degrees, the upper mark may be higher, only then it will be necessary to monitor watering and spraying, this will have to be done more often.
Lighting. Jasmine belongs to light-loving plants, it even perceives the direct rays of the sun quite well, but not for long. But still, you should not spoil the flower with a direct hit of scorching rays, it is a little desirable to shade.
Watering, feeding and air humidity. Do not overdry the soil, jasmine does not like this very much. In summer weather, it is necessary that the soil be moistened all the time, so that at this time, abundant watering should be performed. In winter, the number of watering is reduced taking into account the air temperature, if it rises, you need to water more often. A very important point – water for irrigation should always be used soft and warm and spray the same. When it is necessary to spray summer outside the window every day, in winter – as required, if it is dry and warm in the room, it is necessary to spray it, and at a cool temperature, you can not moisten the leaves of the plant.
From mid-spring to the end of August, once every 7-10 days, jasmine actively grows and therefore needs to be fertilized. Common fertilizers used for houseplants that are in bloom work well. You can also use a complete mineral fertilizer. But it is best to apply both fertilizers alternately with liquid fertilizers that contain potassium..
Transfer. In most cases, only young plants are transplanted every year, adults when required, but this should be done every two to three years. It is better to use a mixture of soil for this, consisting of equal parts of sod and leafy land, peat and greenhouse soil, as well as half of the sand and coniferous soil. Good drainage is essential.
Pruning and pinching. In order for jasmine to please with its splendor and beauty, such actions must be performed. Pruning does not bring anything bad to the flower, and he calmly tolerates it, so you can safely do it. It is better to carry out a similar process in the spring (end of February – March), while growth has not begun. If the stems are thin and weak, then they can be cut in half, otherwise the pruning is usually done by a third. This will allow not only the jasmine to acquire a beautiful appearance, but also give an incentive for the growth of shoots on the side, where flower buds will begin to form..
It is more expedient to pinch young plants as there is almost nothing to cut off. Adults also do not mind such a procedure, only it must be done selectively..
Reproduction. There are two ways – cuttings and layering. For this, it is better to choose cuttings of one-year-olds that have matured well, with a length of up to 15 cm and with 2-3 nodules, after pruning there are just a lot of suitable ones. Cuttings are planted in a mixture of equal parts of earth and sand, or just in sand, but wet.
And a more visual way is a container of water in which to place the cuttings until the roots are formed. Before this, the slice can be treated with a stimulant. Without this, rooting will take a month and a half. The best temperature for the rooting process is +22 degrees. It is easy to propagate jasmine by layering. It is allowed to bury the bends throughout the summer..
The main pests indoor jasmine are aphids, leaf weevils and spider mites. And once again, for a reminder, in no case should this plant be placed in the sleeping room and the nursery, in order to avoid a severe headache..